scientific edition of Bauman MSTU
SCIENCE & EDUCATION
Bauman Moscow State Technical University. El № FS 77 - 48211. ISSN 1994-0408
History of Progress
In memory of B.P. Grabowski (1901 – 1966)
# 04, April 2016
A brief overview of the life and work of Boris Pavlovich Grabowski, an outstanding Soviet inventor, the creator of the world's first real acting, fully-electronic television installation "telephot". Data on parents BP Grabowski, interesting facts from his childhood hobbies in Kharkov Komsomol youth in Kyrgyzstan and first success Uzbekistan. Based on the memoirs of the events partners, details of creating and testing "telephot" in Saratov, Moscow, Leningrad, its creators love with BL Rosing and finishing works in Tashkent. Studied the reasons for "telephot" was unclaimed and forgotten for many years to the device, and the circumstances leading up to the international recognition of the merits of BP Grabowski, the author of 12 inventions and 50 certificates of nomination, Honored inventor of the Uzbek SSR.
Boris Lvovich Rozing (1869 - 1933)
# 01, January 2016
An overview of the major activities and achievements B.L. Rozinga, the outstanding Russian scientist and teacher, inventor of the world's first electronic television system, one of the initiators of the opening of the higher polytechnic education for women of Russia, dean of the Faculty of Electromechanical Women's Polytechnic Institute, founder and professor of the Kuban Polytechnic Institute, author of 29 patents and copyright certificates of privileges, as well as more than 90 scientific publications, and creator of several photoelectric devices. The information about the parents and family of B.L. Rosing, most of the facts of his life and work, including details of the work in St. Petersburg, Ekaterinodar (Krasnodar), and during his unjust links to settle in Kotlas and Arkhangelsk. Quoted his letters from exile, memories of him and his daughter V.K. Zworykin, his pupil, who created the TV in the US, and contribute to this in the Soviet Union. Described in detail the system by which B.L. Rosing May 22, 1911 demonstrated the transmission of images at a distance of wires. Particular attention is paid to the preservation of the memory of the light B.L. Rosing and fair assessment of his merits.
Scientific and Pedagogical Heritage AP Kotelnikov - Head of the Department of Theoretical Mechanics of Moscow Bauman Higher Technical School (The 150th Anniversary of His Birth)
# 12, December 2015
The paper gives an overview of the scientific and pedagogical activity of Doctor of Science, Professor, Head of Department of Theoretical Mechanics at Moscow Bauman Higher Technical School in 1924-1944 Alexander Petrovich Kotelnikov. The basic details of his biography, as well as research and teaching at the Kazan University, Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, the Moscow Bauman Higher Technical School. Particular emphasis is placed on the developed them "screw reckoning." It opened its main content and communications with the fundamental ideas of N.I. Lobachevsky, the prospects for its use at the moment. When covering the scientific and methodological aspects of the work as the head of the Department of Theoretical Mechanics, established N.E. Zhukovsky. The article is dedicated to the 150th anniversary of A.P. Kotelnikov.
P.V. Shmakov (1885 – 1982)
# 11, November 2015
A brief overview of the main achievements of Pavel Vasilyevich Shmakov, one of the pioneers, the moat of Soviet television, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Hero of Socialist Labor, laureate of the State Prize of the honored worker of science and technology. Data on parents P.V. Shmakov, interesting facts of his life and work, including details of his education, hobbies physics, astronomy, works in the laboratories of the P.N. Lebedev and P.P. Lazarev contact with M.V. Shuleikin, as well as educational activities. Presents interesting facts about the history of the mechanical television-related contributions in this area, John Baird and Paul Nipkow. Describes the direction of works performed by the Department of Television Leningrad Electrotechnical Institute of Communications, including e-mail, and color TV as well as the possible impact of television on smell and touch the person. From 1937 to 1982 he headed the department of P.V. Shmagin, he is the author of 12 inventions and more than 250 scientific publications, including 25 books and brochure.
160 years of the electromagnetic telegraph Russia
# 09, September 2015
A brief review of the scientific and technological achievements for the first half of the XIX century in the field wiring, as well as the life and work of state councilor, Baron PL Schilling, you-a groundbreaking Rus-sian ethnographer, linguist, cryptographer, the inventor of the world's first electromagnetic telegraph, and communication cables, the author of the first history of undermining mines in the electric wire, the creator of the world's first telegraph code, and the best in the XIX century, a secret code. Schilling is also known as one A.S. Pushkin and creator of the first Russian lithography Russian hussar stormed Paris, a great chess player and the first European explorer of the Tibetan and Mongolian Buddhism. The data on education Schilling, his subsequent service in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Embassy of Russia in the State of Bavaria, contacts with German scientists in Munich, including von Humboldt in the field of linguistics, A. Zenefelder in lithography and T. Soemmering in the field of electricity, to determine its future research interests.
Leon Theremin (1896 – 1993)
# 07, July 2015
A brief review of main works and achievements of Leon Serge Theremin is presented, outstanding Soviet inventor, creator of the world's first musical instrument - Aetherphon, rhythmicon, terpsiton. They also de-veloped the world's first mechanical television system the large-interlaced scanning mirror, a number of burglar alarms and devices for special purposes. The information about the pedigree Theremin, the interesting facts of his life and work, including details of his schooling, culture amateur radio, military service, uni-versity education, works at the Leningrad Physico-Technical Institute, touring performances in Europe and the U.S., as well as features use his instrument and apparatus for intruder alarm. Theremin described contacts with famous composers, artists, scientists, the specificity of its intelligence activities, work in the im-prisonment and life in recent years.
In Memory of Alexander S. Popov (1859 – 1905)
# 05, May 2015
A brief overview of the life and work of state councilor A.S. Popov, a prominent Russian physicist and electrical engineer, inventor of the radio. The information about the parents and surname Mr. Popov tree, interesting facts from his life and work, details of education at St. Petersburg University, Teaching in a Mine officer class Kronstadt, family life, participation in the Nizhny Novgorod Fair, creative work and career. Particular attention is paid to chronicle achievements A.S. Popov from the creation of storm indicator to the first models electronic equipment manufactured in the workshop E.V. Kolbasiev, its manufacturing joint venture "Popov-Ducretet" and the tests during a rescue operation in the Gulf led by Vice-Admiral S.O. Makarov and warships of the Russian Navy, in conjunction with P.N. Rybkin and the D.S. Troitsky. The basic signs of attention devoted to memory A.C. Popova, including plaque IEEE Miltstone. The application provides information about the French engineer and entrepreneur Eugene Ducretet and the Paris World Ex-hibition of 1900, Awards A.S. Popov Gold Medal.
In Memory of Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)
# 04, April 2015
A brief overview of the life and work of Benjamin Franklin's outstanding American statesman and public figure, who proved that lightning is an electrical nature. He is the only one who signed the Declaration of Independence, the Paris Peace Treaty, and the Federal Constitution - the three documents define the course of history, not only the United States but also around the world. The information about the parents of Frank-lin, interesting facts from his life and work, details of self-education, hobbies printing and publishing, jour-nalism and family life as well as the history of the England-American-French relations in the second half of the XIX century. Particular attention is given to research activities Franklin, whose work at the time have become leading in the development of the theory of electricity and have received international recognition. Benjamin Franklin was a member of the Royal Society of Great Britain, Russia and other academies, award-ed a gold medal Copley.
In Memory of Alessandro Volta (1745 – 1827)
# 03, March 2015
A brief review of the major achievements Alessandro Volta, outstanding Italian scientist and physicist, in-ventor of a fundamentally new source of electrical energy, which played a decisive role in future studies of electric and magnetic phenomena. Provides information about the parents Volta, interesting facts from his life and work, including details of his self-education and pedagogical work. Given the facts of the history of the development of electrical engineering associated with contributions to this line of Benjamin Franklin, France Aepinus and Johan Wilcke. Describes the design features of the two instruments, Volta invented for electrical studies and discussions with Luigi Galvani. Volta was awarded the Copley Medal of the Royal Society, in his honor erected a pantheon of other monuments in the city of Como, and named unit of voltage and potential difference – Volt.
In Memory of Oliver Heaviside (1850 – 1925)
# 02, February 2015
A brief overview of the main achievements of Oliver Heaviside eminent British scientist, engineer, mathe-matician and physicist, first applied to the study of complex numbers of electrical circuits and developed a technique of application of the Laplace transform to solve differential equations. Heaviside reformulated Maxwell's equations in terms of the vector of the electromagnetic field, the electric and magnetic inductions, developed a theory of communication lines, known as the "telegrapher's equations", and developed the idea of the ionosphere, predictions, head of existence it reflects radio waves layer. Provides information about the parents Heaviside, interesting facts from his life and work, details of self-interest in mathematics and physics, as well as the history of communication theory and electrodynamics connected with investments in this area James Maxwell. Oliver Heaviside was a member of the Royal Society of Great Britain and the first of the Faraday Medal awarded the London Institute of Electrical Engineers.
Andre-Marie Ampere (to the 240 anniversary of his birth)
# 01, January 2015
A brief review of the major achievements of Andre-Marie Ampere, a prominent French scholar and the founder of electrodynamics and the author of fundamental works in the field of chemistry, biology, linguis-tics, and philosophy. Provides information about the parents Ampere, interesting facts from his life and work, including details of his self-education, interest in mathematics, chemistry and teaching. Some interest-ing facts from the history of electrodynamics associated with contributions in this direction Hans Oersted, Francois Arago and Augustin Fresnel. The designs of the two instruments, invented by Ampere for electrodynamic research and discussions with the opponents of the emerging science. Given the introduction of preconditions Ampe rum concepts of voltage, current, and its direction, which became the basis for the withdrawal of Ampere law of interaction of currents, which now bears his name.
From the camera obscura to digital cinema
# 11, November 2014
A brief overview of the main stages and events in the development of photographic equipment and film with the details of the experiments of Joseph Niépce, Louis Daguerre, William Talbot, as well as the contribution of domestic scientists and amateurs in the spread of this technology in Russia. The baton of Joseph Petzval continued photos, Frederick Archer, inventors SLR Thomas Sutton, design instant Shutter Sigismund Yurkovski and films on a flexible substrate George Eastman. Some interesting facts from the history of cinema related contributions in this direction by George Eastman, Thomas Edison, the Lumière brothers and Pate, Eusebius Goldovsky and Victor Komar. Describes the date of the history of photographic and cinema in the twentieth century, including details of occurrence stereo and digital audio-visual equipment, until the appearance and standardization of digital cinema.
A. N. Krylov is a Pioneer of Photographic Technique
# 12, December 2014
The life of famous Russian Soviet naval architect and mathematician acad. A.N. Krylov (1863-1945) occupies an especial place in history of Russian Navy. His archive appears as one of the most fully documented personal scientific libraries in Russia. However, there is the aspect of Krylov’s legacy that has weak presentation in actual modern literature. It is his interest to photographic measurement methods that were being part of everyday life in the beginning of XXth century. In this paper detailed description of photographic ship pitching recording method developed by Krylov would be presented.
In Memory of Sergey V. Novakovsky (1913 – 2004)
# 10, October 2014
A brief overview of the main achievements of the doctor of sciences, professor and inventor Sergey V. Novakovsky, an outstanding Soviet and Russian engineers and scientists, under whose leadership has begun implementation of electronic television in the USSR. Sergey made an outstanding contribution to the reconstruction of the Moscow television center and the introduction of broadcast TV standard 625 lines. He was a pioneer in the creation of our country mobile television stations for outside broadcast, more than two decades was initiated and led the development of color television and studio cameras, video monitors, color TVs, including a projection for the big screen. Some interesting facts about the life and work of Sergey Vasilyevich, including details of working contacts with renowned experts on television and teaching. Achievements Sergey V. Novakovsky won many state and departmental awards.
In Memory of Hermann-Ludwig-Ferdinand von Helmholtz (1821 – 1894)
# 09, September 2014
A brief overview of the major achievements of Hermann von Helmholtz, the eminent German physicist, and physiologist, whose name is inextricably linked to a radical reconstruction of physiological concepts among scientists of XIX century. Helmholtz has made a significant contribution to the mechanics, thermodynamics, optics, acoustics, electrodynamics, physiology and medicine, first formulated in mathematical form and substantiated universality of the law of conservation of energy. Provides the information about the parents and children of the Helmholtz, interesting facts of his life and work, including details of study, teaching and research work as an experimental physicist, as well as contact with his prominent contemporaries. Achievements Helmholtz marked the highest awards of the Royal Society of Great Britain (gold medal Copley), the Order of the " Schwarzen Adler" Kingdom of Prussia, the star of the French Order of the Legion of Honor, and others. His name are memorable prize medals from several institutions, Moscow Research Institute of Eye Diseases, craters on the Moon and Mars.
In Memory of Emile Berliner (1851 – 1929)
# 08, August 2014
A brief overview of the major achievements of Emile Berliner, prominent American inventor of German descent, who created, based on the proposal of the French inventor Charles Cros, gramophone records and production technology, for many decades the dominant sound equipment in the world of the twentieth century. The information about the parents, brothers and sons Berliner, interesting facts of his life and work, including details of the business in the United States, his contacts with companies Bell Telephone Alexander Graham Bell, Victor Talking Machine Eldridge Johnson, RCA David Sarnoff and competition systems phonograph, gramophone and zon-o-phone. Describes the technical and organizational details of the creation of a gramophone and gramophone records, their improvement and dissemination in the United States, Canada, Europe, Russia and Japan, including under the trademarks His master's voice and Pathe freres. Achievements Berliner marked by several awards, including in 1913 the highest of the Franklin Institute Elliott Cresson Gold Medal.
In Memory of Georg Simon Ohm (1787 – 1854)
# 06, June 2014
A brief overview of the major achievements of Georg Simon Ohm, the eminent German physicist, opened in 1826, the fundamental law of electrical circuits, which bears his name, and gave him a theoretical foundation. In the results of their research ohm speaker was concluded that the timbre of the sound is the result of the harmonic components of the signal, it is formulated in the form which later became known acoustic Ohm's law. Provides information about parents and brothers Ohm, interesting facts of his life and work, including details of study, teaching and research work as an experimental physicist. Achieve the Ohm were marked in 1841 the highest award of the Royal Society of Great Britain - Copley gold medal followed by the election of a member of this society. Ohm was awarded the Order of the Bavarian "For outstanding achievements in the field of science," his bust is in the Memorial of Glory in Munich. Ohm's name is called unit of electrical, University of applied sciences in Nuremberg and a crater on the side of the Moon.
Vladimir Zworykin Kozmich (125th Anniversary of His Birth)
# 04, April 2014
A brief review of main works and achievements of Vladimir K. Zworykin is presented, who came from a merchant family in Murom Russia and prominent American inventor of television broadcasting, the author of 120 patents. Provides information about parents Zworykin, interesting facts of his life and work, includ-ing details of student life, military service during World War I, emigration to the U.S., working in corpora-tions and RCA CRT implementation and Ikonoscope, the most important components of television systems. Zworykin described contacts with David Sarnow and American inventors, his work on the orders of the U.S. Army during World War II, advances to create an electronic microscope, color television, details of visits Zvorykin USSR, his meetings with Soviet specialists, as well as work on medical electronics in recent years of life and awards.
David Sarnoff - godfather of Radio and Television (1891 - 1971)
# 02, February 2014
A brief review of main works and achievements of David Sarnoff is presented, a native of Russia and the poor prominent American businessman, founder of the radio and television broadcasting. Provides information about parents Sarnoff, interesting facts of his life and work, including details of his work on the radio, including the rescue of passengers of "Titanic", the first in the U.S. broadcasts, creating corporations RCA and NBC and implementation of broadcast television. Sarnoff describes the service in the U.S. Army during World War II, work on creating RCA color television, his contacts with prominent Russian engineer Vladimir Zworykin and Leon Theremin, American inventor Frank Conrad and great Italian conductor Arturo Toscanini, as well as the nuances of the relationship with David Sarnoff Edwin Armstrong.