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scientific edition of Bauman MSTU

SCIENCE & EDUCATION

Bauman Moscow State Technical University.   El № FS 77 - 48211.   ISSN 1994-0408

Foreign Education

SINGAPORE: Cost of University Degree Set to Soar
# 05, May 2016
The cost of a university degree in Singapore is set to rise, according to a new study by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU).Released yesterday, the study projected that a four-year degree will cost 70.2 per cent of an individual's average yearly income in 2030, up from 53.1 per cent in 2015.Since 2010, tuition fees at local universities have gone up every year for most undergraduate courses, mainly due to rising operating costs.For instance, a local undergraduate entering the National University of Singapore's faculty of arts and social science this academic year (2016) would pay $8,050 annually, up from $7,950 last year (2015).
JAPAN: Record 97% of University Graduates Land Jobs
# 05, May 2016
A record-high 97.3 percent of university graduates in Japan were employed as of the beginning of the fiscal year on April 1, according to government data released Friday, reflecting companies’ increasing appetite for recruitment.The employment rate of job-seeking university graduates rose 0.6 percentage points from the year before, marking the fifth consecutive annual increase and eclipsing the previous record of 96.9 percent in 2008, according to an annual survey conducted by the education and labor ministries since 1997.The figures exclude those who decided to repeat another year after failing to get jobs or those continuing their studies at graduate schools. Seventy-two percent of all university graduates entered employment.The positive trend was further reinforced by a 97.7 percent employment rate for fresh high school graduates who sought jobs, up 0.2 percentage points from the year before for the sixth straight year of increase, according to a separate education ministry survey.While many firms began job interviews for senior university students from August, compared with April the previous year, the later start had no direct impact on the employment rate, an education ministry official in charge of the survey said.However, with some 19,000 fresh university graduates remaining jobless as of April this year, the ministries said they plan to help them secure jobs.
CHINA: Billionaire Launches World's Biggest Education Prize
# 05, May 2016
A Chinese internet billionaire launched the world's biggest education prize worth more than £5 million (US$7.3 million) in Hong Kong last week, writes Richard Vaughan for TES.The award, called the Yidan Prize, will recognise “outstanding” individuals, such as teachers, or teams of people working in education, providing them with substantial investment to fund their projects, and is aiming to become the Nobel Prize for education, challenging the Global Teacher Prize (US$1 million) as the world’s biggest education award.
TAIWAN: Falling Birth Rates Begin to Hit Universities
# 05, May 2016
Earlier this month, individual university application results were released, showing the largest ever gap between the number of openings and successful applicants. Toko University had offered admission to 118 applicants nationwide, but only secured 20 new recruits, writes Christine Chou for TWN.One place was even left empty in the generally full National Taiwan University's medical department, which has never seen any vacancies in the past. To quote Nicole Lee, head of the Ministry of Education's Department of Higher Education, the record-breaking statistics tell us one thing for sure – the impact of low birth rates has begun to hit higher education.
Indonesian Language Faces Being "Wiped From Universities in 10 Years"
# 05, May 2016
Despite Indonesia being one of Australia's closest neighbours, figures indicate Australian students are showing little interest in studying the language.It was hoped the softening of a travel warning to the country in 2012 might change that, but one expert said Indonesian studies might be completely wiped out from Australian universities in a decade.An Australian Government travel warning issued after the Bali bombings discouraged most Australian schools from sending their students to Indonesia.Professor Tim Lindsey, an expert in Indonesian law at the University of Melbourne, and fluent speaker of the language, said it has been one contributor to the demise of Indonesian studies in Australian institutions."If children can't get an immersion opportunity to study a foreign language, that will limit their capacity and it's a reasonable decision, I think, for parents and children to make, that without immersion, their capacity to learn a foreign language will be weakened," he said."So, this fed into a really big falling off in schools, Indonesian language teaching, and that naturally flowed on into our universities."Professor Lindsey said if the current rate of decline continued, Indonesian language would not be an option at Australian universities in a decade.
Chilling Higher Ed Cooperation in China?
# 04, April 2016
A stringent new law regulating foreign non-governmental organisations in China could potentially constrain the activities of overseas higher education institutions in a variety of ways.The law, approved by China’s legislature late last month, requires foreign NGOs conducting activities in mainland China to register with police agencies and to operate under the supervision of approved Chinese sponsoring organisations. The law requires foreign NGOs engaging in activities in mainland China to either conduct them through registered representative offices or register activities of a temporary nature with Chinese partner entities that agree to serve as sponsors.
SINGAPORE: More Students Expected to Choose Australian Universities
# 04, April 2016
More Singaporean students are expected to head to Australian universities to pursue higher education following Singapore’s recent decision to recognise more Australian degrees in the fields of law, medicine and allied health, as part of the Singapore-Australia Comprehensive Strategic Partnership, writes Hetty Musfirah Abdul Khamid for Channel News Asia.A total of 8,165 Singaporean students were enrolled in Australian institutions in 2015. International student placement service IDP Education facilitates the entry of about 1,500 to 2,000 Singaporeans to Australian universities each year, and it is expecting the number to increase. It said there has been growing interest in the areas of allied health such as physiotherapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy.
FRANCE: Research Minister Outlines Steps to Reduce Red Tape
# 04, April 2016
Major changes are coursing through France’s research and higher education system, many of them intended to simplify bureaucracy and promote research excellence, writes Declan Butler for Nature.Higher Education and Research Minister Thierry Mandon, who was minister for state reform and simplification before his current role, told Nature that his most pressing priorities were to “simplify the rules that govern higher education and research; to have more PhD students and researchers recruited by companies and by the public sector, and so instil a culture of research in the places where decisions are made; to help universities to develop their own sources of income, so that they can be more independent of the state; to promote a renaissance of the social sciences; and to spur the digitalisation of higher education.”
SWEDEN: Swedish Universities Can Deny International Students Refunds
# 04, April 2016
Several Swedish colleges and universities are charging students who hope to come to Sweden to study from outside the European Union thousands of krona in tuition fees, even when the students never actually make it to Sweden, reports Swedish Radio News.These students don't have the right to get the money back, according to an investigation by Swedish Radio News. Olle Lundin, a professor of public law at Uppsala University, is critical of the law. "It's strange legislation. It's been made so sloppily," he said.
Japan Draws Foreign Students to Confectionery Schools
# 03, March 2016
The number of students from Asian countries and regions studying Western confectionery making in Japan is rapidly increasing. It is likely that foreign students are attracted by Japan's advanced confectionery production techniques, which are not inferior to the original Western techniques, and the Japanese style of detailed and careful teaching.At the Patissier Department of Tokyo Belle epoque College of Confectionery and Culinary in Edogawa Ward, Tokyo, 12 out of 40 students are foreign. In this two-year course that focuses on practical training, students learn about 270 kinds of confectionery recipes and bread-making techniques in a year.
6% of Japan Uuniversities Use TOEFL, Other 3rd-party English Tests
# 03, March 2016
Only 6.3 pct of Japanese universities use the results of third-party English proficiency tests, such as TOEFL, as part of their regular entrance examinations, an education ministry survey showed.The ministry has been urging universities to measure applicants' English skills in the four categories of reading, writing, speaking and listening through entrance exams, including by using third-party tests such as TOEFL, or the Test of English as a Foreign Language, and Eiken, or the Test in Practical English Proficiency.
TAIWAN: Five Million Hold Higher Education Degrees
# 03, March 2016
The number of Taiwanese people with a college, university or other type of higher education degree has increased to five million in 2015, reports The China Post.According to the latest statistics released by the Ministry of the Interior on 12 March, as of the end of 2015, 42.68% of Taiwanese people are college or university degree holders, while 30.92% are high school or vocational high school graduates.The percentage means some 5.06 million Taiwanese people have a college, university or other type of higher education degree, meaning a quarter of the country's population has received higher education.
CHINA: A New University Every Week
# 03, March 2016
China has been building the equivalent of almost one university per week – part of a silent revolution that is causing a huge shift in the composition of the world's population of graduates, writes Andreas Schleicher for BBC News.In terms of producing graduates, China has overtaken the United States and the combined university systems of European Union countries, and the gap is going to become even wider. Even modest predictions see the number of 25 to 34 year-old graduates in China rising by a further 300% by 2030, compared with an increase of around 30% expected in Europe and the United States.
PERU: Market and State do Battle over Higher Education Law
# 01, January 2016
“Education cannot be regulated by the market,” declared Peru’s President Ollanta Humala following the approval of the ‘University Law’ which ushers in some of the most sweeping changes that Peruvian higher education has ever seen.The law passed last year establishes a statutory framework for the first time and obliges university teaching faculty to possess at least a postgraduate degree (such as a masters), have a roster of permanent lecturers and requires the award of bachelor degrees to be dependent on completion of an investigative thesis or professional development. The ruling also attempts to prevent private universities becoming piggy banks for their owners and management by subjecting them to a stricter tax regime.
FINLAND: Foreign Students Face Tuition Fees from Next Year
# 01, January 2016
The Finnish parliament has decided to impose tuition fees for non-European university-level students. The ruling, passed by a vote of 137-46 in December, will affect students from outside the European Union or European Economic Area.A fee of at least €1,500 (US$1,640) will be charged per school year for those studying towards degrees in languages other than Finnish or Swedish, apparently beginning in August 2017. The fees will not be levied on doctoral students or researchers. Universities will also establish a financial aid system offering scholarships to assist students in paying their fees.
CHILE: Free Higher Education a Right, not a Gift
# 01, January 2016
President Michelle Bachelet said last week that free higher education in Chile, which will come into effect in 2016 after 35 years during which all students paid tuition, "is a right, not a gift", reports Latino Fox News."We always believed that education is a right and the fact that we are moving ahead strongly in that direction fills us with joy," said the president, who recently visited the home of a student whose studies at the University of Chile this year will cost him nothing.In the first year of free university education, some 165,000 students will enjoy the new measure.
INDIA: Prime Minister Pushes Plan to Set up Private Universities
# 01, January 2016
The prime minister’s office has instructed the human resource development ministry to fast-track a plan to set up 10 private autonomous universities for research and innovation. The move could pave the way for world-class private institutions for higher studies to come up in the country.These institutions, unlike the current lot of private universities regulated by the University Grants Commission, will be free of government control and have their own curriculum and fees. They will have full autonomy in hiring faculty and all other aspects of administration, sources said.
AUSTRALIA: Major Institutional Reforms Approved in ‘Secret Meeting’
# 01, January 2016
The governing body of the University of Sydney voted to shrink its number of faculties from 16 to six and cut elected positions from its senate in what critics have called a "secret meeting" late last year, writes Angela Lavoipierre for ABC The changes were voted on in the last meeting of the year for the University of Sydney senate, when many students had left for the break and others were engrossed in exams.Several major changes were passed, among them, an extensive restructure of the faculties and changes to the senate itself. The particulars of the restructure have not been announced.
IRELAND: Foreign Student Increase to Boost Colleges
# 01, January 2016
A third-level strategy due to be published in the coming weeks has set out a significant increase in the numbers of international students entering the higher education system in the next five years, writes Elaine Loughlin for the Irish Examiner.Increasing the number of foreign students who choose to study here would bring an extra €720 million (US$780 million) into the economy, Education Minister Jan O’Sullivan said. “We are trying to get the brand of education in Ireland as something that people can aspire to,” she said.
IRAN: Gradual Opening of Higher Education Sector Likely as Sanctions Lifted
# 01, January 2016
Experts predict that the lifting of sanctions on Iran is likely to lead to a “gradual opening” of its higher education sector, but collaborations with neighbouring Gulf nations will be limited, writes Ellie Bothwell for Times Higher Education.Philip Altbach, founding director of the Center for International Higher Education at Boston College, said the largest impact of the end of sanctions is “likely to be an increase in the number of Iranian students seeking to study in Western countries”.
 
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