scientific edition of Bauman MSTU
SCIENCE & EDUCATION
Bauman Moscow State Technical University. El № FS 77 - 48211. ISSN 1994-0408
General Problems of Engineer Education
Principles for Checking the Statistical Results Processing Correctness of the Cavendish Classic Experiment
# 04, April 2016
In teaching mathematical statistics it is desirable that students of engineering and natural sciences could study the methods of statistical processing based on data of real experiments. Conditions for these experiments are of critical importance to justify the application of statistical methods. The article considers a classic Henry Cavendish’s experiment to determine a mean density of the Earth from this point of view.The article gives a detailed description of the experimental Cavendish’s setup, ideas, his experiments are based on, and a method to determine the values used for assessment of the mean density of the Earth. It also concretizes the equation of a pendulum model with friction on which Cavendish implicitly (and neglecting a friction) relied.It is shown that the formal use of methods of mathematical statistics is not always justified. Detailed records of all experiments, published by Cavendish, enable us to study these data in terms of mathematical statistics, convince us of their statistical inhomogeneity and impossibility to construct a confidence interval to estimate accuracy.The article proposes an alternative way for processing Cavendish's data implicitly using the pendulum model equation with friction to reduce an effect of systematic errors and improve matching the Cavendish results with modern data.
Scientific and Practical Commentary on Specialists’ Professional Standards in Thermal
# 04, April 2016
This article presents a scientific and practical commentary to the Russian official professional standards for specialists in installation and testing of thermal equipment; analysis and diagnosis of the technological complexes for thermal treatment; automation and mechanization of the processes of thermal manufacturing. The norms for classifying of the professional engagements and skill levels of these specialists according to the technical difficulty of thermal and thermo chemical equipment and corresponding technological processes were clarified. The concrete examples are represented. The necessity to ensure a high level of professional training of specialists in these areas is shown.Key wards: professional standards; thermal equipment; technological processes; technical difficulty; levels of professional skills.
On Competence Clusters and Great Masters
# 04, April 2016
Approaches of different epochs ranging from the era of Emperor Nicolas I to nowadays on evaluation and development of abilities, skills and motivation developed by educational system are discussed in terms of notion ‘competence’ recently introduced as the main measure and standard of graduates compliance with the labor market demands. In XIX-XX centuries the benchmark related to real achievements of the graduates dominated, at the turn of the Millennium it accepted more formal and impersonal form. Term ‘competence’ origin and meaning evolution is discussed. Based on the experience of pilot school Proficient English in the Business World (PEBW BMSTU) it is shown that succession and innovation traditions are predefined more by competency, experience and toil of the trainers than by formal templates and guidance documents.
The Role of Students in the University Image and Rating Formation
# 11, November 2015
Globalization of the world and, as the result of the process, transition to global educational standards transform education to production industry. The customer of educational system becomes a ‘client’ or ‘product’. Consequently, as a product in the labor market graduate of higher school has to demonstrate competitive advantage. Actually, international university ratings have turned to endurance race – a fight for resources and applicants. Based on the report of PEBW BMSTU trainee (Bauman University, Moscow) at International Congress on Arts, Communications, Science & Technology (Edinburgh, Scotland) a real contribution of student’s international activity to university image and rating is shown.
Software Tools for Automated Quantitative Assessment of the Students' Meta-competence. Overview
# 10, October 2015
Investigations Using a Polygraph in BMSTU
# 09, September 2015
The paper considers dynamics of formation and development of polygraph-using investigations (PUI) at the Department "Information Security" and Regional Training and Research Centre "Security" (RUNTS) in BMSTU. These studies are conducted to make diagnose that a person conceals information on the past events. The paper describes creating a unique lecture and laboratory module in PUI at the Department in 2008. It shows RUNTS activities in 2008-2015, giving assistance to public authorities to use the PUI and, in particular, providing assistance to Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation in the advanced training of specialists in PUI and developing a "Typical technique for forensic psychophysiological expertise using a polygraph" for them. The paper shows that the educational process carried out by the Department is reconciled with RUNTS works in the field concerned.
The Information System to Support Processes of Professional Self-Determination
# 11, November 2014
The information system to support processes of professional self-determination is considered, which allows you to determine the professionally important qualities of users with the help of vocational guidance methods and choose according to these appropriate professions. The three-level conceptual model is proposed that reflects the stages of professional self-determination, which requires the use of the information system for the diagnostics and adjustment of professional intentions. An algorithm is presented for adding professions in an information system, which is based on the method of establishing correspondences between professions and areas of professional activity that promotes correct and successful choice of future profession. The conclusion is given about the need to use the system in a selection committee of educational institutions and in the human resources department of enterprises.
From a School-Leaver to a Lieutenant: Some Aspects of Officers’ Training S’ in the BMSTU Military Training Center
# 05, May 2014
In 2007 a new stage in training of officers began in BMSTU. As an experiment, 25 fresh students were accepted to study in the newly established training military center of the Military Faculty by officers’ training programs to become the career officers. The University has never trained career officers before, but an accumulated experience allowed to meet the challenge at all stages of its solution. First of all, a different approach to the enrolment was used. Secondly, the educational process for the cadets, who receive both the civil specialties and the military ones, was reorganized. Finally, the first graduates holding the rank of lieutenants were in 2013. Some of them went to serve in the Armed Forces of the RF. Now this training program launched as an experiment in 2007 continues on a regular basis. A new group of cadets is going to enter the training military center in the summer 2014.
77-48211/536105 On the design of the physics course at technical university: competency building approach
# 02, February 2013
In this article the most significant topics for learning disciplines of a professional cycle and bases of physical outlook of the technical university graduate by a specific training area are highlighted on the basis of expert estimates of an approximate physics course’s content, which rely on the structural and logical and frequency analysis of the learning content. Proposed approaches and obtained results can be used as an approximate basis for improving the content of specified physics course as a part of competence focused educational programs and for developing educational and methodical complexes, procedures and funds for estimative diagnostic tools in order to check the level of training according to the requirements of the federal and institutional components of educational standard.
77-48211/520108 The worldwide CDIO initiative as a context of tertiary education
# 09, September 2012
The authors focus on the importance of tertiary education for increasing business competitiveness, paying special attention to the formation of lean thinking in all subjects of educational process. They also emphasize the necessity of using the standards of The Worldwide CDIO Initiative for constructing a new architecture of educational process.
77-48211/476296 Profiling of bachelor training in "Computer Science" in the computer-aided design illustrated by the example of Bauman MSTU
# 09, September 2012
The article deals with questions of developing educational programs of higher education in conditions of transition to a two-tier system of training. The author shows the necessity of introducing a system of bachelor profiles as the basis for building training programs for effective graduate and post-graduate work. The author provides an example of formation of profiles in computer-aided design in the areas of training 230100 << Computer Science and Engineering >> with regard to the educational standards at Bauman MSTU.
77-48211/435186 How to control students' creative project MATEC hydrobot
# 08, August 2012
The author leads to the scientific and methodological treatment and critically evaluates common abroad, but virtually unknown in Russia, innovative educational project and a process technology MATEC - Marine Advanced Technology Education Center. Technology to a large extent, especially in the final phase of the annual life cycle, is based on competition of university teams MATE Competition held annually from 2001. Analyzing the experience of participation of Russian universities FESTU and BMSTU in competitions MATE in 2008-2011, the author comes to conclusion about the exceptional value of direct comparison of levels of engineering education in universities in the same conditions of competitive underwater site. The author shows that it is appropriate to use in the Russian Federation methodologies MATEC and PMBOK; also it will significantly increase the effectiveness of engineering education of specialists in underwater robotics and marine industry. General statements were illustrated by the examples of structural decomposition of submarine operations MATEC - 2010 and MATEC - 2011.
77-48211/419145 Application of information technologies that should improve the quality of education by the example of internet-laboratory "global navigation satellite systems"
# 06, June 2012
Internet-laboratory “Global Navigation Satellites Systems” was created in the Bauman University. Laboratory allows one to carry out remote practical works for investigations of technical characteristics of navigation equipment. The hardware and software system is basic educational and methodical facility for support of remote practical works in the area of navigation systems. The application of modern educational technology improved the quality specialist training in the field of satellite navigation.
77-48211/419126 The «Smorgasbord» Approach to Educational Assessment
# 06, June 2012
Classic forms of examination imply that the tasks are distributed among students randomly. In this case an advanced student may receive a problem related to the branch which he/she finds challenging, while a less diligent person will be assigned a task he/she considers easy. This paper introduces an alternative approach that gives the examinees an opportunity of choosing tasks by themselves. Although imposing certain limitations on the total number and average complexity of the tasks selected, this approach provides a wide freedom of choice and eliminates the random factor.
77-48211/398498 Regarding the study of “Manufacturing technique of composite construction of rocket-and-space machines” course
# 05, May 2012
The authors describe students’ acquisition of deep knowledge about structure, distinct features and trends of development of composite materials based on glass, aramid and carbonic fibers. Problems of modern design engineering and manufacturing of composite rocket-and-space machines are also considered.
77-30569/330374 Practical quality control of MATE competition Project ROV-hydrobot’s in the competitive environment
# 03, March 2012
The author shows that the result of higher engineering professional education in the form of a certified specialist who has knowledge, skills and professional communication skills, for example in the field of underwater robotics and marine industry, is the goal of a complex process of university education. In particular, the complex is characterized by Bauman MSTU taught subjects to 40-50 with the total number up to 9900 academic hours. Sufficient parametrized certainty of objectives can be considered as higher education in engineering design as a project, and all educational processes associated with them - as reasonable processes. The author argues that controlled management of a quality competitive, low-budget team project, which aims to create, within one year life cycle, an original student-submersible ROV- hydrobot, at world level of quality is complex. But it is a solvable problem for higher engineering professional education in Russia. The solution of this problem is achieved by organizing academic experience of students, optimization of dynamic flexible forms of organization, management skills current student role their real abilities, knowledge, abilities and skills in design and use of theory and practice of project management based on international standards.
77-30569/323937 Monitoring and estimation of students’ knowledge using module-rating system
# 02, February 2012
This article considers different ways of improving the module-rating system applied to the “Engineering Graphics” department. The authors analyzed features of current and scheduled academic performance ratings. It was suggested to control academic performance ratings of students continuously during the whole term. The survey of graphical tasks’ labor intensity showed that students spent more time in classes than 30 or 40 years ago; the quality level of training didn’t increase proportionally to time spent. Proposals concerning revision of set of disciplines in general and reducing the number non-core disciplines in favor of fundamental and technical disciplines were made. The authors suggested using new methods to motivate students; these methods are widely used at BMSTU.
77-30569/262388 Proposals for the use of modeling complex simulation and modeling center SIC RKO 4 Central Research Institute of the Defense Ministry in the process of teaching students at the BMSTU Military Institute.
# 10, October 2011
Assessed possibilities and expediency of using modeling complex, created for international command and staff exercises in theater missile defense, for the improvement of forms and methods of teaching students at the BMSTU Military Institute.
77-30569/233419 Innovative technology of training engineers of underwater robotics and marine industry in Russia
# 10, October 2011
The author tells about scientific and methodological treatment and evaluates a large - very widespread abroad but almost unknown in our country - innovative educational project technology. The technology is based on a methodologically verified system of regional, national and international competitions, championships of student project teams – developers of high-tech engineering systems. In the annual life cycle, the technique involves design of the system by students according to a particular task, making its prototype, testing its sample, demonstrating it in action, and a rating competition with similar design developments in physical modeling of extreme situations. Based on personal experience of a BMSTU professor - mentor of a student team, the author provides a well-reasoned proof that Russian students who know the basics of automated design technologies - CAD, CAM, CAE, CASE, CALS - and who have 3D-printers are able to successfully compete with professional teams of top foreign universities.
Application of collection of mechanisms in teaching mechanism design
# 06, June 2009
This paper reports an application of mechanism models in teaching activity. In particular, Bauman Moscow State Technical University has a significant collection of historical and modern mechanisms. A quick survey of other significant collections of mechanisms is also reported in the text. Then, possible applications of the above-mentioned models for studying and teaching mechanisms design is discussed by referring to experiences at Bauman Moscow State Technical University and at LARM in Cassino